Tag Archives: Anne Campbell

This week in history: April 5–10

This week in his­to­ry, both Robert Camp­bell and his son Hugh Camp­bell made their wills.  The two were almost 60 years apart — 1 day short of 59 years exact­ly.  Because both of these doc­u­ments are impor­tant, we are going to post both.

First, we post Robert Camp­bel­l’s 1832 will.  It was entered into evi­dence in the 1938 estate case that would decide the future of Robert’s son Hazlet­t’s $2 mil­lion estate.  By 1832, Robert had already begun to amass a great for­tune.  He knew he was going into dan­ger­ous ter­ri­to­ry out West on a reg­u­lar basis, and want­ed to be sure his fam­i­ly and for­tune would be tak­en care of.  This was obvi­ous­ly not Robert’s final will.  He would mar­ry Vir­ginia Jane Kyle on Feb­ru­ary 25, 1841, and the two would have 3 sur­viv­ing chil­dren.  Robert final­ly died on Octo­ber 10, 1879.  This will shows his thoughts and wor­ries as a young man.

In the name of God, Amen. I Robert Camp­bell at
Present resid­ing in the City of Saint Louis Mis­souri in
The Unit­ed Stat­ed of Amer­i­ca do make this my last
Will and Testament -
Item    I bequeath and device to my Broth­er Andrew Campbell
All that par­cel of Land in the town­land of
Gel­nco­pogagh in the part of Upper Badoney County
Of Tyrone Ire­land held by law renew­able forever
‘Under the heirs of the Honl. George Knox, to have
And to hold said par­cel of land with its apprenten
=ces (as now occu­pied by Gabriel Walk­er) to him and
to his heirs for­ev­er. Pro­vid­ed he my said Brother
Andrew Camp­bell pays one half the amt. of Debt
Due by me to the heirs of Andw. McFar­land Decd. And
To my sis­ter Anne Camp­bell before enter­ing in possession
Of said farm of land in Glencopogagh -
Item —     I bequeath to my Broth­er Hugh Camp­bell my tith
And inter­est in the rents receiv­able under Deed
of Mort­gage from the ten­ants in East Aughalane
amount­ing to 16 pounds Irish cur­ren­cy per annum) to him
and to his heirs for­ev­er. Pro­vid­ed he my said
Broth­er Hugh Camp­bell pays one half the debts
Due by me to the Heirs of Andw. McFar­land Decd.
And to my Sis­ter Anne Camp­bell — before entering
Into pos­ses­sion of the bequest before mentioned
Item —  I bequeath to my Broth­er Hugh Camp­bell above
Men­tioned the pro­ceeds of the expe­di­tion now fully
Out by me for the region of the Rocky Mountains
After deduct­ing the amount due by me to Miss J & A Kerr
Mer­chants of St. Louis Mis­souri say
And also pay­ing the men in my employ the balance
Which may be due by me to them at the time of
My decease — all of which will be deter­mined by
My execu­tors Mr L. Sub­lette and Thos. Fitz­patrick who
Accom­pa­ny me on this expe­di­tion — the pro­ceeds (if any),
To be appro­pri­at­ed in the fol­low­ing manner

[next page]

First­ly    That my said Borther Hugh Camp­bell do
Pay him­self the amount of mon­ey I shall borrow
Of him before my departure
Sec­ond­lyThat my said Borther Hugh Camp­bell ao
pay to my Beloved Moth­er the sum of Five
pounds ster­ling annu­al­ly dur­ing her nat­ur­al life
and if the pro­ceeds should not afford this then me
said Broth­er Hugh Camp­bell to pay to my beloved
moth­er Five pounds ster­ling per annum out of
the rents of East Aughalane -
Third­ly That my Broth­er Hugh Camp­bell pays to my Dear
Sis­ter Anne Ten pounds ster­ling — and should the
pro­ceeds of my expe­di­tion prove more than
repays the above appro­pri­ate­ly — then the residue
if enough to be dis­persed of as fol­lows — to my
Dear Moth­er few pounds annu­al­ly in addition
To the above and the residue to be divid­ed in
Equal parts between my Broth­ers Andrew & Hugh and
My sis­ter Anne one third each -
Item     I bequeath to my Beloved Moth­er the sum of Five pounds
Ster­ling to be paid by my said Broth­er Hugh Campbell
And in case the pro­ceeds of my Rocky Monts be
Suf­fi­cient­ly lucra­tive the sum of Ten pounds in
Addi­tion to the above -
Item    I bequeath to my Sis­ter Anne Camp­bell as
Above Ten pounds ster­ling to be paid her
By my Broth­er Hugh Camp­bell which with
The assump­tion of two hun­dred pounds of my
Broth­er Hugh & myself and fifty pounds which
I pre­sent­ed her when in Ire­land to be paid by
Hugh and myself. I con­sid­er as on equal
Por­tion with my Broth­ers — in case my Rocky
Moun­tain trip affords a prof­it I wish one third
Of the nett pro­ceeds (after pay­ing all oth­er demands)
To be paid to my dear­est sis­ter Anne

[next page]

O nom­i­nate and appoint John W Far­land of Culls
=lil­lan part of low­er Budo­ny & Coun­ty Tyrone
and William Wil­son of Eden Der­ry (Leap Mill) in
land Coun­ty in Ire­land as my execu­tors there
and Mr L Sub­lette of St. Louis Coun­ty Missouri
and Thos. Fitz­patrick of the Rocky Monts. And
My broth­er Hugh Camp­bell late of Richmond
Of Vir­ginia but now of Philadel­phia as my
Execu­tors in the Unit­ed States. — I request [miss­ing]
To super­in­tend the set­tle­ment of the mat­ters herein
Named and to direct that each Item shall
Be per­formed (as far as pos­si­ble) with­in two years
After my decease at far­thest and soon­er if
In wit­ness where of I have herunto
Set my hand and seal this tenth day of
April in the year of our Lord one Thousand
Eight Hun­dred and Thir­ty Two

Signed sealed and declared
By the above named
Robert Camp­bell to be his
Last will and testament
In pres­ence of us who have
Here­un­to sub­scribed our
names as wit­ness­es in the
pres­ence of the testator

[next page]

Robert Camp­bell
Will of April 10 1832

This week in history: March 22–28

In 1834, Irish immi­grant Robert Camp­bell was still a “moun­tain man”, liv­ing out west.  But what did his fam­i­ly back in Ire­land think about this?  This week we find out!  On March 26, 1834, Robert’s sis­ter Anne writes him from Augh­a­lane house, thank­ing him for his mul­ti­ple let­ters this year.  It seems Robert has assured his sis­ter that he is per­fect­ly pro­tect­ed in the west, although that does­n’t stop Anne and the oth­er Camp­bells from pray­ing for Robert dai­ly. Some­one sent the fam­i­ly a news­pa­per clip­ping from a St. Louis news­pa­per.  The arti­cle was writ­ten by the Amer­i­can Fur Com­pa­ny, Sub­lette & Camp­bel­l’s biggest fur-trad­ing rival, and talked about the dev­as­ta­tion cholera and famine had brought at the mouth of the Yel­low­stone and how Buf­fa­lo were dying out.  Anne responds that “some peo­ple are very cru­el!”  Enjoy this glimpse into the home front of life as a moun­tain man!

Augh­a­lane 26th March 1834
My Dear­est Broth­er Robert
How grate­ful have your let­ters been to out feel­ings — I think I can count 5 with­in the last year. This life is (__?) and among the bright­est spots of my exis­tence is the receipt of you let­ters. There is not a human with un-grat­i­fied, for the mar­gin of each are filled up by broth­ers Hugh, to hear that one of you were well would be plea­sure, but to know that
both are well and so affec­tion­ate is hap­pi­ness indeed.  Thank God you are mea­sur­able secure, in hav­ing Hors­es, more men, and a fort to pro­tect your­self — our ear­li­est and our lat­est thoughts are about you, and although they are not so heart­sound­ing as hereto­fore (since 18th Jan, when we had your first let­ter dat­ed in the moun­tains) yet dai­ly on our knees is our peti­tions offered up for your safe­ty here, and your hap­pi­ness here­after. Two days I saw a para­graph copied from a St. Louis News­pa­per head­ed “The far west” It shoed [showed] that cholera and famine were sweep­ing away all, at the mouth of the Yel­low Stone, and that where herds of Buf­fa­lo abound­ed there was

[next page]

not a soli­tary one to be found and no one knew where they were gone-some peo­ple are very cru­el!  The Amer­i­can fur com­pa­ny were giv­en as the author of this — per­haps it was best we heard this calami­tous intel­li­gence for after the first (__?) of grief were over it brought us often­er to ask pro­tec­tion and help of our God for you — your kind offer that Moth­er and I should draw on your prop­er­ty for any mea­sures we would require is too much — I can­not thank you in terms strong enough.  Lan­guage could not express the sen­ti­ments of my heart! I shall there­fore desist — may the blessed sav­ior be your pay­mas­ter for all your kind­ness­es to me.  I trust we will not take any of your prop­er­ty unless absolute neces­si­ty com­pel us, and even then, I would rather the inter­est of what my Father left me would be giv­en then bur­den you with what I am con­fi­dent is not your right to do–  Richard Keys has been in New South Wales more than a year, he has writ­ten Andrew giv­ing an account of every thing from the vari­ety of the ladies, till the quan­ti­ty of the wool that is on the sheep.  There is not a ques­tion you would ask con­cern­ing that coun­try that is not answered in his let­ter it was pub­lished in the Der­ry sen­tinel of Sat­ur­day, he is very anx­ious to know where

[next page]
you are and talks warm­ly of the pleas­ant days he spent in Augh­a­lane his salary was 50 pounds per year for over­see­ing a gen­tle­mans estate I expect on this broth­er Hugh has informed you of our dear moth­ers Lame­ness, Doc­tor Laugh­lin attend­ed her and his was not the for­mal atten­dance of a Doc­tor, it was like the case of a duti­ful son — he would not take a frac­tion for all his trou­ble, we made a small present with near­ly 1 pound to his youngest daugh­ter, who is named for me, sub­scribed to the dis­pen­sary for this year.  I saw him on Tues­day he request­ed me that I should present the warmest esteem to Mrs Laugh­lin and him­self to you — Mr Him­phills fam­i­ly are well Hamil­ton is on your side the Atlantic Charles is at col­lege, the young ladies are not yet mar­ried, his sonin­law Mr Camp­bell has recent­ly got a
lucra­tive sit­u­a­tion under Lord Darn­ley — Doc­tor MCMul­lon was mar­ried to Miss Adams, he is now a wid­ow­er, and is on the eve of sooth­ing and for Van­di­a­men lands — After 10 days ill­ness cousin Robert Hel­son died he has left a wid­ow and three chil­dren — It is but a few days since old Bil­ly one morn­ing began to sing pslams very loud, when he ceased he was speech­less, and the same evening expired In 7 hours his suf­fer­ings were ter­mi­nat­ed I trust for ever I had 10 of the last 1 pound that broth­er Hugh sent to bury him — may we my dear Broth­er meet here in plea­sure and in anoth­er world in glory
Is the prayer of your sis­ter Ann Campbell

[side of page]

27th March 1834 7 oclcok P.M. I have opened this let­ter to say that William Camp­bell has read a let­ter stat­ing that Mr. Copel
Cathrine and their fam­i­ly are liv­ing extreme­ly well in Upper Coun­try Clarks fam­i­ly are well and so are Mrs Campbells

[next page]

Uncle and Aunt Gra­ham died in one day about 3 months ago — sister
Cather­ine and fam­i­ly land­ed at Lue­bra when the cholera was at its
Hwight in that city, we have not heard from her since — my poor dear kind-
Heart­ed sis­ter I fear she has fell a vis­tim to that dread­ful dis­ease she and sister
Were my favorites I have many sor­row thoughts for her and when Margery is
[miss­ing] in New York, her hus­band is worth 500 pounds their son is the finest boy can be he
fre­quent­ly writes to his grand­fa­ther Mr Hamil­ton in this country.

[oth­er side of page]

On the sub­ject of Andrew going to Amer­i­ca we sel­dom talk it would be too painful
To us, Bet­sy and he are quite well she is still friend­ly and affec­tion­ate, he carries
On his farm­ing as usu­al. The sweet Mar­gret is still clever and decid­ed. She talks
Often of you yet I fear she scarce rec­ol­lects you. I try to keep you in her rec­ol­lec­tion. The
Rest ques­tioned her whether she loved Aunt Jean as I , best, she answered in her
Decid­ed way, that she loved Aunt Ann, but the fin­ger, bet­ter that Aunt Jeans soul
And body. They are all so intel­li­gent it would take an entire let­ter to describe them singly.

[Side of 1st page]
[side of page]

Your moth­er sends a thou­sand bless­ings, she is quite well Thank God, and delight­ed you intend
To read your Bible
May God enable you
To pur­sue it with care

[Last page, envelope]

Recd. at Phi­la­da. 12th May 1834
For­ward­ed by Hugh Camp­bell to his brother

Robert Camp­bell
Saint Louis
Sis­ter Anne
March 26th

Merry Christmas from Campbell House!

Mer­ry Christ­mas to all from Camp­bell House Muse­um!  This week we post a let­ter that Anne Camp­bell wrote to her broth­er Hugh on Christ­mas Eve in 1842.  Hugh sent it to Robert some months lat­er with an addi­tion­al let­ter.  Anne is deeply wor­ried about her niece Bessie, who had caused so much trou­ble in Amer­i­ca that Hugh had sent her back to Ire­land.  Appar­ent­ly she is caus­ing trou­ble there too, because her father Andrew start­ed drink­ing again after Bessie came home.  Read all about the trou­ble­mak­er of the fam­i­ly in Anne’s letter!


Augh­a­lane Dec 24, 1842
My ever Dear Brother,
I recv’d sis­ter Vir­gini­a’s very kind let­ter in this time as I may say I had no tid­ings ready at that time, at least none that would be agree­able to you.

Ten days after Bessie’s return home poor Andrew was sor­ry (as we all were at the event) and he again began in tem­per­ance in spite of all remon­strance he con­tin­ued so late in Oct. since which time he has been strict­ly tem­per­ate.  Time win­ter com­menced he had a school for his fam­i­ly every night and is school­mas­ter him­self it is won­der­ful how the very youngest is pro­gress­ing.  But to return when Andrew began to drink Bessie grew quite uneasy and no won­der (as you and I know there is no being on earth that intem­per­ance makes so great a change on) she told me there was two things she was unde­cid­ed which to do, the last objec­tion­able of which was that she would fly from her fathers and try to get ser­vice in some gen­tle­mans fam­i­ly; I knew that this would not only blight her prospect for ever but blight the prospects of her youngest sis­ter, there­fore after con­sult­ing with my moth­er I told her should my days ter­mi­nate in the work­house she should e wel­come to every kind­ness and atten­tion it was in our pow­er to pay her; she accept­ed and after being near­ly three weeks in her fathers she came her per­ma­nent­ly to reside.  The task is more ardu­ous than I expect­ed but to save a fam­i­ly from des­o­la­tion was my aim.  My motives may be attrib­uted to oth­er caus­es.  I expect no grat­i­tude from any­one on this the atlantic and will think myself favored if I escape cen­sure Moth­er is old and tak­ing care of her would be enough for one advanced in life as I am yet I nev­er could for­give myself if any­thing dis­grace­ful had occurred and the Almighty that saw the puri­ty of my inten­tions.  I have no doubt will sup­port me.  Poor Bessie is to be pitied her mis­for­tunes were some of her own choos­ing.  I think Mr. Boyle was the cause of all for when broth­er Hugh was her in 1835 and ’36 he thought bet­ter not take any of Andrews chil­dren before that time he had cer­tain­ly asked one of the chil­dren to edu­cate it, and in anoth­er let­ter to make a lit­tle repub­lic of it.  I told Andrew he did not want any of his chil­dren as I was allowed, but there hopes were aroused by for­mer invi­ta­tions and this with Mr. Boyles advice made them send her and sure­ly an edu­cat­ed lady in an obscure coun­try place is a pitiable object.  The first part of my life was chi­quered [?] per­haps it is bet­ter for me now that it was not con­tin­ued sun­shine, yet of poor Bessie return has lain heav­ier on my heart than almost any occur­rence of my life Moth­ers mem­o­ry is not so good as usu­al but her health is pret­ty good Andrew and his fam­i­ly are well the clothes Bessie wears I washed in her fathers there­fore we do not require a sec­ond girl.

Excuse dear broth­er so much of my own and oth­er peo­ples affairs.  I trust in God that you, sis­ter Vir­ginia and James Alexan­der well, that dear name, God bless him, and bless you all.  You or broth­er Hugh are sel­dom many hours out of our minds, I feel plea­sure think­ing of you both, and fool­ish­ly con­clude if I saw you every anx­i­ety would vanish.
I am Dear­est Robert,
Your affec­tion­ate sister
Ann Campbell

Dec. 27
Jack Young’s daugh­ter Eliza Jean went with a young man the name of Gray, last night who lives near Gortin, she will be brought to her fathers to night when the wed­ding day will be set the young man is wealthy.

Dec. 27,
We had a very pleas­ant Christ­mas in Andrews.  James McFar­lands child (Anne) is three months old all of them we hope will be with us as usu­al on Sat­ur­day broth­ers birthday.
The name of Annes child is Alexan­der it is inter­est­ing like herself.

March 9, 1843
Dear Robert:
This let­ter from Sis­ter Ann explains and jus­ti­fies Bessie in remov­ing from her fathers house — but it is no apol­o­gy for her indo­lence and refus­ing all kinds of use­ful employ­ment.  If she were only to teach her sis­ters wash her clothes or do any­thing to show fil­ial affec­tion grat­i­tude or com­mon sense, I would read­i­ly excuse her.  I fear she will be indulged in her present course by our good moth­er and sis­ter.  She cer­tain­ly required rigid con­trol.  Amongst them all she is like­ly to escape every restraint.
In Ann’s let­ter to me (inclos­ing this) she dwells on the finan­cial affairs at great length.  It appears that Richard Key’s has not paid in full.  Ann does not like to have Andrew as a pay­mas­ter to her.  In fact it appears he will nei­ther pay her inter­est (accord­ing to our instruc­tions) nor give him­self any trou­ble about any debt due her.  He con­sid­ers all he gets as so much land off the sea — and doubt­less thinks it would be like throw­ing it into the sea again to repay either the prin­ci­pal or inter­est!  He is not like­ly to get any more from either of us.
After all per­haps it is as well that she direct­ed the mon­ey to be col­lect­ed from R. Keys.  The fact is I doubt whether he is worth any­thing and believe it might have been total­ly lost if not then col­lect­ed.  It is bet­ter that poor Andrew should have it than such to be the cause.
I real­ly do not know how to advise Ann to invest her mon­ey.  She ought to avoid inti­mate friends — and she ought also to have real estate secu­ri­ty.  Whom do you think she should apply to for advice.  She has now about $100 lbs. to invest.
You should write either to Ann or Andrew and give your views on all mat­ters about which they have writ­ten.  I will not write till after you have written.
Yours truly,
Hugh Campbell

Mr. Robert Campbell
Saint Louis