Tag Archives: William Sublette

This week in history: January 16–22

Jan­u­ary 21, 1842.  Vir­ginia Camp­bell writes from Sul­phur Springs Farm to her hus­band Robert Camp­bell who is away on busi­ness in Philadel­phia.  Vir­ginia is preg­nant with her first baby.  The two are still new­ly­weds (they were mar­ried Feb­ru­ary 25, 1841) which is why she teas­es her hus­band “be sure and tell me which you think is hap­pi­est mar­ried or sin­gle life.”

Vir­ginia writes from Sul­phur Springs Farm, the home of William Sub­lette, Robert Camp­bel­l’s busi­ness part­ner and a good friend of the fam­i­ly.  At the time, Sul­phur Springs was in the coun­try, quite a dis­tance from St. Louis.  Today, Sub­let­te’s huge farm would encom­pass parts of Dog­town, the Hill, St. Louis Hills, and South St. Louis, with his man­sion at High­way 44 and Hampton.


[Front Cov­er]
Mr Robert Campbell
Care of H & A Camp­bell & Co.

St. Louis

Sul­phur Springs farm Jan 21st 1842
My Own Dear Husband
Mrs Cook came in to see me at Mrs Ker­r’s and gave me a  press­ing invi­ta­tion to come out here to vis­it her. I told her it  would give me great plea­sure to do so. William came up yes­ter­day  morn­ing and want­ed to know when he should bring me out, he said  that Mr Sub­let­te’s barouche [?] was com­ing out so I con­clud­ed to  take that oppor­tu­ni­ty and accord­ing­ly I came. I must describe to  you my ride. I told William to come by Judge Car­r’s and I  remem­bered every step of the road and direct­ed him which way to  go, I shall always feel grate­ful [spelled grate­full] to him for  his kind­ness for every time I wished and saw a bad place he let  me get out and walk as far as I pleased it is true, he tried to  per­suade me to stay in but as it was not you I would have my own  way and I think I walked one third of the dis­tance. It was  freez­ing cold and the ground was very hard frozen and I thought  about Han­nah the whole way.

[Pg. Break]        I stood a few min­utes at the lit­tle bridge where the horse we had before fell and it is real­ly a fright­ful place  notwith­stand­ing it was hard frozen. William I shall always think  an excel­lent dri­ver, he says he can dri­ve a great deal bet­ter  than you, and that I would believe him after you turned me over  sev­er­al times. I was fright­ened all the way and I did not take my eyes off the horse once. I had on my own hood and Mrs Ker­r’s  too. I begged William to put on one under his hat but he was  quite insult­ed. Mrs Cook is very kind to me and I am glad I came  for it gets cold­er every day.

I went to Mrs Sarpy’s par­ty on Wednes­day. I did not feel any  desire to go at all. Dr McPheeters went with me Mr Rick­et­son with Cor­nelia and Mr Elliot with Mrs Kerr. Cor­nelia and Mr Kerr  stayed [spelled staid] until about 2 o’clock. Mrs Kerr and I were  in bed by one — I don’t think I will go to any more par­ties this  win­ter. I feel so mean in com­pa­ny and it seems to be more prop­er  not to go out in my sit­u­a­tion, I am per­fect­ly well but I feel so  much ashamed to walk about more par­tic­u­lar­ly as you are not here. I am writ­ing a great deal about myself I would rather have you  write about your­self than any one else.

[Pg. Break]        Mr W Sub­lette was not out last night but will be out to day. I am just as hap­py as I can be with­out you but dear­est I think of you the whole time & I make so many good res­o­lu­tions  nev­er to do any that annoys you again. I will nev­er con­sent to be sep­a­rat­ed so long again, every one seems to try to con­tribute to my hap­pi­ness & I try to be hap­py but I think it is a most  unnat­ur­al way of living.

Mrs Cook sends her love to you and Mr Andrew Sub­lette his  respects. I think per­haps Mrs Cook will send to get some things  by you but will con­sult her broth­er first. Do I write too often  dear, I love to write you and you could no write often enough. Mr Kerr teased me a great deal about writ­ing, he asked me every day if I had writ­ten. Major Stu­art said he heard from you about 50  miles from here through [spelled thro] one of the officers.

Give my love to Mrs Ash­ley and Mrs Kerr. I hope the for­mer will  not cap­ti­vate you again. I for­got to tell you that we had quite a scene at Mrs Sarpy’s Par­ty — Mrs Dean faint­ed, she recov­ered  after some time, and danced away as well as ever.

Give my best love to cousin Mary and the girls. Mrs Cook says  you must eat some fine oys­ters for her and some ice cream for me.

[Pg. Break top of back cov­er] I have writ­ten a very inter­est­ing let­ter but I have noth­ing to write that will amuse. Mrs Cook  says she wants me to stay until you come home. I like to stay out here very much indeed. I think Mrs Cook a most excel­lent woman  and she seems very fond of you and me too.

[Bot­tom of back cov­er] Write me every oth­er day and be sure and tell me which you think is hap­pi­est mar­ried or sin­gle life.

Dear­est you know I am your own entirely.
Vir­ginia J Campbell

Happy New Year from Campbell House Museum!

Wel­come to 2010 every­one!  To cel­e­brate the new year, we’re post­ing a let­ter William Sub­lette wrote to Hugh Camp­bell on New Years Day 1837, 173 years ago.  He talks about his health prob­lems and what he thinks of Dr. Beau­mont — appar­ent­ly Beau­mont treats Sub­lette the way Sub­lette treats the Indi­ans he trades with.  But the 2nd let­ter talks a lot about Sub­let­te’s feel­ings toward a cer­tain “coquette” who Robert fell in love with.  Sub­lette is cer­tain that Robert will get over her in just a short time.  The girl is Vir­ginia Jane Kyle, and con­sid­er­ing the let­ters they wrote to each oth­er in their 38 years of mar­riage, Sub­let­te’s pre­dic­tions cer­tain­ly nev­er came true.  Enjoy and Hap­py New Year!


St. Louis Jan­u­ary the first 1837
Dear Hugh
Your wel­come and inter­est­ing let­ter of Decem­ber 5th came
to hand on last evening which I have long wisht for and this
is the lat­est news we have from Philadel­phia as the roads has
been in such sit­u­a­tion it was impos­si­ble to reach here sooner.
Now just imag­ine you see your friend Sub­lette sit­u­at­ed in
an rock­ing armed chair with a writ­ing desk atacht thereto.
Cross leg­ed for that sit­u­a­tion at the present answers me best
for rea­sons you may guess- My health and strength has im-
proved con­sid­er­able since Robert left here, but I cant brag
much on my fun­da­men­tal prin­ci­ples for Dr. Beau­mont and
me has a round or so every fieu days. On yes­ter­day he per-
formed a small oper­a­tion and on the extreme it was as severe
as it was small and difi­cult to get at was as severe as any
herto­fore. I have giv­en him his orders to let me rest until
tues­day next when I expect to have a small row with him.
He puts me in mind of my self whilst engaged in the Indian
trade how I fre­quent­ly laid open the mules backs and cut open
the dis­eased parts (poor ani­mals how they suf­fered). But
speak­ing of Beau­mont I am much pleased with him and think
him an exce­lent ser­gent [sur­geon] at present there is not
much prospects of my get­ting out before spring to attend to
busi­ness and I have deter­mined to take it fair and easy for
my can­did belief is all things are for the best as God made us
for his pur­pose and knows best how to dis­pose of us if it
should be for the ben­e­fit of oth­ers, as I am smart­ly enclined
to believe in foreordination.
Times is dull in St. Louis and mon­ey scarce but there is
some hopes of a bank here from our legislature.(footnote 10) Our city
is not as gay this win­ter as has usu­al­ly been and from what
cause I cant say for it has been uncom­mon­ly healthy. Produce
of all kinds is high corn has sold here in mar­ket for $1.25 per
bushel and coal aver­ages about 28 cents pr bushel, those two
arti­cles I am most inter­est­ed in but the roads has been des-

Dear Hugh
Rel­a­tive to your part of the let­ter respect­ing Robert I am
sor­ry I was not in pos­e­sion of before he left for my advice to
him would have been dif­fer­ent from what it was from the
acount and descrip­tion that Robert gave me I felt much inter-
est­ed in his behalf and can­did­ly it ren­dered [me] more or
less unhap­py on his account as I dis­cov­ered it praid on his
feel­ings-pressed him to go in com­pa­ny, I went so far as to ad-
vise him to press his address­es that no doubt but that a good
wife was the great­est bless­ing a man ever enjoyed and that
she was young and fool­ish and would soon yield, that a wife
two easy court­ed was scarce worth hav­ing, not think­ing that
Robert could be over come by and blind­ed by love at his age
as I have no doubt but he was. For we in our remarks re-
spect­ing the qual­i­ties of young ladies gen­er­al­ly agreed, and
that of a coquette or of show­ing fad­ing colours I nev­er ad-
mired. I am well aware Roberts sit­u­a­tion at that time was
one that was rather inclined to lead him a stray. Just recov-
ering from a long spell of sick­ness when a man’s mind is
rather week and not oth­er wise engaged in busi­ness the least
kind­ness or atten­tion shown him at that time and especially
by a female was enclined to make the more last­ing impression
of it. But as I think this is not more than the sec­ond or third
time he has been in love and prob­a­bly a long absence may over
come it, not a short one. But I am not capa­ble of judging
for I must can­did­ly con­fess which you may think strange for
a man of my age to say I was nev­er seri­ous­ly in love in my
life nor would I per­mit myself to be so for I nev­er was in a
sit­u­a­tion to get mar­ried as that which I could wish. How easy
this may wear off with Robert I cant say for my belief is that
when a man’s afec­tion is once placed it nev­er can be removed
to that of anoth­er with the same ardor but I think Robert
ought to bless his stairs [stars] he can get out of this scrape
and I will advise him to take a wife in Mis­souri and leave him
to trust to Prov­i­dence as all is for the best.
I admire the char­ac­ter of your coun­try­man Tom Moore in
many respects but in the instance you speak of in your letter
it puts me two much in mind of one of the par­ty now in ques-
tion (V K). I have giv­en you my views as far as I am
capa­ble. Its a pit­ty we both could not get mar­ried to wives
of fifty thou­sand each as I have more need of her mon­ey than
love, at present and in faith I think Robert would have no
objec­tion to the cash, if so, he could keep the wife & give me
the cash. We are get­ting on as well as could be expect­ed but
I think a wife would be of no incum­brance to one or both with
a fieu shillings, if there is one of that kind please send her
to me by Robert. I dont want her too smart for she might out
gen­er­al me and perceve my weak­ness and not be so afec-
tion­ate in case I should spend the mon­ey. Please excuse my
scrib­ling by writ­ing me, and my respects to Mary &c. I will
write to Robert soon.
God bless and pro­tect you are the wish­es of a friend
Wm. L. Sublette
This is the only Newyear’s Gift I have to present you, as small
and unin­ter­est­ing as it may be. My fruit trees have not yet
come to hand.
Mr. Hugh Campbell
Care of Gill, Camp­bell & Co.,

10 The Bank of the State of Mis­souri was char­tered by act of the
leg­is­la­ture, Feb­ru­ary 2, 1837. The leg­is­la­tors elect­ed John Brady Smith,
pres­i­dent, and Hugh O’Neil, Edward Walsh, S. S. Ray­burn, Edward
Dobyns, William L. Sub­lette, and John O’Fal­lon, directors.

This Week in History: November 5‑November 11

Novem­ber 6, 1835 let­ter from Hugh Camp­bell to William Sub­lette.  The orig­i­nal is at the Mis­souri His­tor­i­cal Soci­ety — it was tran­scribed and pub­lished in Glimpses of the Past: Cor­re­spon­dence of Robert Camp­bell 1834–1845. The foot­notes were added by them and give inter­est­ing con­tex­tu­al information.

Robert has come to Philadel­phia to vis­it his old­er broth­er Hugh but arrived sick.  Hugh writes Robert’s friend and busi­ness part­ner William Sub­lette to tell him all about Robert’s health and trip.  Find out how he’s feel­ing today.  Also read all about William Sub­let­te’s broth­er, Mil­ton, who had his leg ampu­tat­ed — Hugh ordered a new cork one for his friend!

Phi­la­da. Novem­ber 6th 1835
Fri­day Night
My Dear Sublette

On Tues­day evening my broth­er Robert arrived here, in rather a low state of health.(foot­note 4) I did not know he was in the city until next morn­ing, when he sur­prised us by step­ping into the store. We soon got him up to my house & called in my friend Doc­tor McClel­lan under whose care he has been ever since. He had a severe chill on Wednes­day-but I am hap­py to tell you that it did not return to day. He has been, how­ev­er quite sick and weak ever since his arrival-unable to move out-and like­ly to be con­fined to his room for some days longer. The plan we have adopt­ed is to avoid giv­ing any med­i­cine, unless what is absolute­ly nec­es­sary-and that of the most sim­ple kind. He has had too much physic-and our Doc­tors here think that nature is the best physi­cian (with a lit­tle assis­tance) in his present sit­u­a­tion. Mary is a pret­ty good nurse-but after all I fear he will nev­er believe he can have any nurse to be com­pared to you.

Per­haps you will be a lit­tle aston­ished to be told that it is my inten­tion to embark for Liv­er­pool by the pack­et of 16th
inst; on a short vis­it to Ire­land. It is my inten­tion to return here ear­ly in Feb­ru­ary next-so that my absence will not if
pos­si­ble exceed 90 days. Robert promis­es to make my house his home while I am gone-and if you will only con­trive to
come on & take lodg­ings with him, I think you can con­trive to make the time pass agree­ably untill my return. Mary is
a pret­ty good house­keep­er and has improved prodi­gious­ly in, the size of her slices of bread. She has got some 8 year old bacon too & is resolved to hold on to a ham or two until you arrive. I promise you com­fort­able quarters‑a night key, so that you can come and go with­out ring­ing-and in short that you shall in all respects com­mand your time as ful­ly as if at your own house. I have not yet talked to Robert about your plans or inten­tions-but from your late let­ters I take it for grant­ed you design com­ing on-and I trust on receipt of this you will has­ten your jour­ney to Join Robt & Mary as soon as possible.
The left cork leg is not yet fin­ished. I wrote you some time ago that I had ordered it with the view of mak­ing it a present
to my friend Mil­ton.(foot­note 5) So soon as I receive it, I will look out a safe con­veyance & send it forthwith.

Robert met many kind friends on his way from St. Louis to our city. All of them ren­dered the very best attention-&
his health hav­ing become very bad he required all the civil­i­ties of an invalid. I have writ­ten thus far with­out ask­ing him if he has any mes­sage for you-& he now directs me to say that the moment he is able to move out & attend to busi­ness he will write you ful­ly. I hope this will be about five or six days hence for he is this evening decid­ed­ly bet­ter & in bet­ter spir­its.  He is con­stant­ly talk­ing of you and of your noble & dis­in­ter­est­ed con­duct dur­ing his late dread­ful ill­ness. I know not when I was more amused than to hear of the part­ner­ship he wished to estab­lish while suf­fer­ing under the attack. He firm­ly believed you should have divid­ed the pain and thought it quere that you should be mov­ing about while he was lay­ing pros­trate. Per­haps there are few whims more ratio­nal-for your feel­ings, wish­es, tastes and dan­gers have been so much in com­mon of late years, that a com­mu­ni­ty in suf­fer­ing might read­i­ly be con­sid­ered as a nat­ur­al consequence.
Mary Joins me in warmest wish­es for your health & hap­pi­ness. May God bless you my Dear fel­low is the prayer of your
Hugh Camp­bell(foot­note 6)

William Sub­lette
Near St. Louis, Mo.

4 Robert Camp­bell was ill at the farm of William Sub­lette for some time before going to his broth­er’s home in Philadel­phia. Dr. Bernard Far­rar treat­ed him for inter­mit­tent fever, caused by exposure.

5 Mil­ton G. Sub­lette, one of the most coura­geous men of the moun­tains, was born in Ken­tucky about 1801. With his elder broth­er, William, he joined Ash­ley’s expe­di­tion of 1822. Lat­er he was with Smith, Jack­son, and Sub­lette, and upon the dis­so­lu­tion of that firm was asso­ci­at­ed, as a part­ner, with Fitz­patrick, Bridger, Hen­ry Fraeb, and Jean Bap­tiste Ger­vais. It is said that in a fight with the Black­feet Indi­ans he was struck in the ankle by a sol­id ounce of lead from an Indi­an’s rifle. It
tore its way through flesh, bone, ten­don, and artery, and made a ter­ri­ble wound. The foot had to be ampu­tat­ed, and Sub­lette, as impromp­tu sur­geon, cut oif his own foot. When he reached St. Louis he sub­mit­ted to anoth­er ampu­ta­tion, in order to secure a bet­ter stump. Nathaniel Wyeth, in his diary under date of May 8, 1834, Lit­tle Ver­mil­ion Riv­er, says: “Mil­ton Sub­let­te’s leg has grown so trou­ble­some that he is oblig­ed to turn back — his leg is very bad.” The account books of Dr. Far­rar of St. Louis, show sev­er­al entries about Mil­ton’s leg. One, May 27, 1834: “Com­menced dress­ing M. G. Soblet’s leg;” and final­ly under date of Feb­ru­ary 4, 1835, an entry says he ampu­tat­ed the leg. Mil­ton Sub­lette was back in the moun­tains in the spring of 1835. He died at Fort William, on the Plat­te Riv­er, April 5, 1837, “of con­sump­tion, the foe of his fam­i­ly,” accord­ing to one commentator.

6Hugh Camp­bell was born Jan­u­ary 1, 1797, in Coun­ty Tyrone, Ire­land, and died in St. Louis, Decem­ber 4, 1879. On March 4, 1829 he mar­ried Miss Mary Kyle, in Mil­ton, North Car­oli­na. She was a cousin
of Vir­ginia Kyle, who mar­ried Robert Camp­bell. In 1859 Hugh Camp­bell came to St. Louis and became asso­ci­at­ed in busi­ness with his broth­er, Robert. This part­ner­ship con­tin­ued until a few years before the death of Robert Camp­bell. He had no children.

This Week in History: September 8–14

At the junc­ture of the Yel­low Stone and Mis­souri River
Sep­tem­ber 12th 1833

My Dear­est Mother
The only oppor­tu­ni­ty that offers dur­ing a
Sea­son of con­vey­ing let­ters to the civ­i­lized world, gives
Me at present an oppor­tu­ni­ty of writ­ing the best Mother
And I shall undoubt­ed­ly avail myself of it leav­ing to
Chance when I may again be able to let you hear from
Me. Rest assured I shall let no oppor­tu­ni­ty pass
With­out avail­ing myself of it.
I wrote you some time pre­vi­ous to my depar
=ture from the civ­i­lized parts of the Unit­ed States of
man­ner in which I am at present occu­pied, qu[missing]
I believe as sat­is­fac­to­ry a state­ment as was pos­si­ble [miss­ing]
The small com­pass of a let­ter — You were apprised (if
Not in my let­ter to you by either Anne’s or Andrew)
That I took the part of our com­pa­ny that went by
Land con­sist­ing of fifty men in all includ­ing two or
Three who went on a trip of plea­sure — My journey
Proved agree­able and suf­fi­cient­ly lucra­tive indeed
In both cares beyond my expec­ta­tions — I proceeded
To our usu­al ren­dezvous and being joined by our
Com­pa­ny in that coun­try of near­ly 100 men I des=
=posed of the equip­ment I took then and returned
to this place where I met my part­ner Mr Subblette
who had arrived the day pre­vi­ous with one of our
Keel Boats (Many left the oth­er at our low­er trading
Estab­lish­ments) I got here on the the 30th ult the the 27th
This you per­ceive that per­form­ing a route of near
4000 miles our cal­cu­la­tions were so made as to be
with­in one day of meet­ing after a sep­a­ra­tion of
four months — Mr Sub­lettes voy­age had been equally
suc­cess­ful although we had no trad­ing to purpose
but so far as a safe and com­par­a­tive­ly qui­et trip
is con­sid­ered by us suc­cess­ful we so con­sid­er his
since our meet­ing Mr Sub­lettes has con­fined to
a sick bed and at the point of Death but
today there is an evi­dent recov­ery and he
will leave in three or four days.

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I have busi­ly engaged since my arrival here in
Build­ing a Fort and Hous­es. Already I have 4 Houses
Near­ly com­plet­ed and in two days more expect to have
4 more built true I have 60 hard men employed in
the busi­ness yet in such a remote region we are
at a loss for many con­ve­niences that retard us
very much. I shall remain at this post dur­ing the
win­ter and all prob­a­bil­i­ty three or four years. Mr Sublette
goes down to make sale of our furs and bring supplies
the ensu­ing spring. Such my Dear Moth­er is a sketch
of my busi­ness includ­ing the changes that have taken
place since I last wrote you which I hope you
will find sat­is­fac­to­ry. I have with me at present
four clerks which will    this post dur­ing the
win­ter all agree­able ad effi­cient men — our trade
is for Buf­fa­lo skins dressed and Beaver skins and we
expect only the Assin­aboine and Cree Indi­ans here both
of whom are mea­sur­ably peaceable.
From the sketch I have already giv­en you it
Is pret­ty evi­dent that my hands are pret­ty full of business
And I con­fess to you my dear­est Moth­er I would be
Pleased of the term of my pro­ba­tion here being expired
And able once more to return to civ­i­lized and again
To meet you my Dear­est Moth­er in hap­pi­ness — Yes I
Would will­ing­ly relin­quish the three years of my
Life which I intend pass­ing here for one month such
As I have passed when last with you. In the
Midst of all the bus­tle and excite­ment of our savage
Life how often does mem­o­ry call up the pleasing
Hours I passed with you throw­ing all oth­er recollect
=tions in the obliv­i­ous and leav­ing the most pleas­ing though
sad sen­sa­tions which at times I prob­a­bly indulge too far
yet I can­not even blame myself for so doing, left alone
or rather self=placed alone in the World with­out our
acquaint­ed with the rela­tions, dear­est to me or that
I could either unbo­som myself to, or con­verse with
On such a sub­ject, I am left with­in myself to reflection
And cas­tle build­ing many times I place myself
In the sit­u­a­tion of again return­ing and meet­ing you
All as I left you — such are my hap­pi­est thoughts.

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It is my inten­tion to write both Anne and Andrew before
Mr Sub­lette leaves, although I must as in the present
Instance cur­tail that amount from the sleep. Oth­ers are
Now enjoy­ing — yet pain would I be in a sit­u­a­tion to
Write you my Dear­est Moth­er at a much greater
Sac­ri­fice- Oh! How I long to hear from each of you
But I must be patient as no con­veyance will
Reach me for sev­er­al months  Write how­ev­er and
Hugh will for­ward the letters
I can sup­port­ing fur­ther than I men­tions in
My last writ­ing you. You know it is my wish that
You should live hap­py and at your care I have already
Told you so far any means extends it will give
My plea­sure to con­tribute them to your happiness
What my prospects may be in my new line of
Busi­ness it is impos­si­ble yet to say, but
You require any thing for your com­fort not
Already with­in your pow­er of possessing
So far as my prop­er­ty in Ire­land may go
Avail your­self of [miss­ing] nec­es­sary — not that
I do not intend on vis­it­ing you then on
The con­trary were I now dis­en­gaged we
Would meet God will­ing before Christmas
I am solic­i­taor your com­fort and Anne’s
And would [miss­ing] thing or make any sac­ri­fice to
Insure it.
At the [miss­ing] Indi­an traders in this country
The Sab­bath is and so far as regards manual
Labour (contrar[missing) know to our moun­tain habits)
We have am[missing] three or four Bibles one of
Which is mem[missing] bought in Londonderry
It is my inte[missing] to pre­serve it ( should God grant
My health) wi[missing] dili­gence show I have therefore
Done and I trust advan­tage — I hope the precepts
You incul­cat­ed in my youth will yet prove of
Farewell my beloved Moth­er and may
The Almighty god impart you Health and happiness
Through life, and enable us to meet in pleasure
Is the prayer of your son
Robert Campbell

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copy of Letter

Mrs Eliz­a­beth Campbell
Augh­a­lane near Newtownstewart
Coun­ty Tyrone

This Week in History: June 29 — July 5

Philadel­phia 4th July 1835.  Saturday
My Dear Robert
I arrived in safe­ty and in good health on day before yes­ter­day, after a pleas­ant tour of about eleven days from St. Louis, in com­pa­ny with Mary and her lit­tle broth­er David, who we brought on here for the pur­pose of plac­ing at school for a short time and oth­er­wise prepar­ing him for being use­ful to the fam­i­ly.  You can scarce­ly imag­ine how com­fort­able home feels to us after our tire­some jour­ney — I say tire­some because in addi­tion to the actu­al fatigue of trav­el­ing there was the anx­i­ety which must always be felt while trav­el­ing through a sick­ly coun­try — and such has been our lot since we left home — for the cholera pre­vails from Nashville to St. Louis and thence east­ward to Wheel­ing — but in some places to a greater extent than in others.
Per­haps it was part­ly owing to this cause that we did not enjoy the soci­ety of St. Louis.  Mary was there three weeks and I was there four days — and except our good and unchange­able friend Mr. Sub­lette no one offered us any hos­pi­tal­i­ty.  I con­fess I felt dis­ap­point­ed in this respect and so does Mary although she attrib­ut­es it to the unhealth­i­ness and gloom which pre­vailed while we were there.  It may be so but you will par­don me for repeat­ing a for­mer­ly expressed opin­ion.  I do not like St. Louis and I believe it defi­cient in the warm heart­ed soci­ety else­where found in the [?]____ (USA maybe?)
Enclosed you have Andrew’s last let­ter to any of us.  I was received before my depar­ture west­ward and I had laid it aside to take along but omit­ted it in pack­ing.  I then wrote Mary to send it, but she had left here before my let­ter reached her.  It will still be new to you how­ev­er and will reach St. Louis long before you are like­ly to return there.  You will see by the P.S. of Bet­ty that your very accept­able dona­tion had been received.  Andrew (poor fel­low) writes as he speaks — and if we could only per­suade him to adopt some sys­tem and care in his busi­ness there is no per­son of whom we would feel more proud as a broth­er.  What will become of his house full of daugh­ters?  I cer­tain­ly must take one of the young ones.  What think you? [End of pg 1]

[Side of first page] The fam­i­ly spoke most kind­ly of you in St. Louis.  I was grat­i­fied to hear so much said on the sub­ject and am sure you deserved it.  I think it like­ly they will soon remove to a coun­try town where their expens­es will be less­ened and the means of sup­port be pro­cured with less sac­ri­fices than in the extrav­a­gant city of St. Louis

[pg 2] My west­ern jour­ney as antic­i­pat­ed places it out of my pow­er to cross the Atlantic dur­ing the sum­mer.  At present I can­not say whether I will be at lib­er­ty to avail myself of the win­ter vaca­tion for we like school boys have our sea­sons of relax­ation.  My time is equal­ly the prop­er­ty of my part­ners and self.  Should they not object I will cer­tain­ly go and I intend propos­ing the trip after a few weeks.  Before your return from the moun­tains I will prob­a­bly be able to “see how the land lies” and I trust they will make no objec­tions to an absence which will cer­tain­ly not exceed four months — say betwixt Nov and March Next.
Mr. Gill has been on a vis­it to his broth­er Robert for some days and of course we have not seen him since our return.  The soci­ety of our lit­tle cir­cle is great­ly changed since we left here in May last.  Mr. Gill has bro­ken up house­keep­ing and sold out his fur­ni­ture.  Mr. and Mrs. Bak­er and Miss Har­ri­et Camp­bell have embarked for France (as I have already writ­ten you) and Mr. G and Arch are board­ing.  John is an [?]_____ (looks like inmate?) of my lit­tle fam­i­ly at the urgent request of Mr. G.  I con­sent­ed with much reluc­tance for I fear it will be no easy mat­ter to man­age him.  Should it prove so, I will not have him a sin­gle day after he becomes troublesome.
Mr. Sub­lette seemed desirous to obtain the store house in which K and Edgar did busi­ness but was dis­ap­point­ed.  He thinks it a good stand and so do I — yet it is only so for a retail busi­ness.  From all I have seen of St. Louis I would be inclined to pre­fer a dif­fer­ent loca­tion, either on Front street or high­er up on Main Street.  Should you enter into busi­ness in St. Louis, the only prospect of doing well is in sell­ing whole­sale for at the moment I do not believe that the retail is either more expen­sive or less prof­itable in Rich­mond (the worst point in the coun­try) than it is in St. Louis, owing to the great com­pe­ti­tion which now exists there.  My own opin­ion is that a stand is not impor­tant and that you can enter slow­ly and cau­tious­ly into busi­ness, with more advan­tage in a more retired house than that occu­pied by K and E. unit­ing of course with a gen­er­al whole­sale busi­ness, a good and com­mand­ing stock of Indi­an goods, in which you will have no for­mi­da­ble rival­ry. [End of pg. 2]

[Left side of 2nd page] Mary directs me to speak of her and says that I do not men­tion her half enough when writ­ing you.  This is all non­sense.  I beg you will sup­pose (and you can­not exag­ger­ate) that she val­ues you much.

[Pg. 3]
Per­haps you will not com­pre­hend the mean­ing of “slow­ly and cau­tious­ly” as con­nect­ed with a piece busi­ness.  The first year I would not wish to sell more than half the quan­ti­ty of goods you cal­cu­late on being your aver­age take.  The sec­ond year the sales may be mod­er­ate­ly increased and not untill the third year ought you to cal­cu­late on extend­ing ful­ly your busi­ness to its legit­i­mate extent.
I know you will be sur­prised at my con­tra­dict­ed views but they [?]_____ (dark spot and big crease) from expe­ri­ence and I felt muc reluc­tance at first in admit­ting them.  [?]______ (dark spot and big crease) not done so in this city.  Had we not declined sell­ing in many instances where oth­ers would have been glad to do so we should not have suc­ceed­ed in [?]______ (dark spot and big crease) oth­ers would have been glad to do so, we should not have suc­ceed­ed in this city.  I will at a future time explaine the caus­es which lead me to these con­clu­sions.  At present it suf­fices to say that I wish you to enter into busi­ness [?]_____ (dark spot) or dash and to make an exceed­ing small amount of cred­it sales the first year.
Mr. Sub­lette sent on an order which has been care­ful­ly sup­plied dur­ing my absence by my part­ners.  The goods had reached St. Louis on 20th June in less than 3 weeks from this city.  They are design[?]______ (dark spot and big hole) small out­fit which I fan­cy you will meet in your return.
Goods of every descrip­tion are scarce and high — Domes­tics par­tic­u­lar­ly.  It is believed that heavy orders have been sent out to Eng­land and France and [?]_____ (dark spot) the quan­ti­ty of import­ed goods will exceed the demand.  If so (but one can­not know in less than 60 to 80 days hence) there will be sac­ri­fices in many [?]_____ (dark spot) about the close of the full sales in Oct and Nov and I think it prob­a­ble that a [?]_______ (dark spot) assort­ment could then be laid in.  Domes­tic goods (a most impor­tant [?]_____ of every stock in St. Louis) I fear will be high and even advance on present price.  In short the mar­ket is in an unpleas­ant state just now, so far as prices are con­cerned — yet there appears to be a good demand for everything.
I have pur­pose­ly avoid­ed Irish news — for one of the best rea­sons — I have none to give!  The last date is the enclosed and I hope before my next I shall be enabled to say that I heard from some of them.  God bless you.
Hugh Campbell
[Left side of 3rd page] I had a let­ter from Hugh Reed dat­ed at New­berg (New York) where he was at work.  I pity the poor fel­low but can do noth­ing for him.  He has nei­ther a good trade, nor an edu­ca­tion to fit him for busi­ness and to crown all he will not go westward.

[Pg. 4]
[Left side of page] At my request Mr. Sub­lette put up and sealed two bot­tles of water from his sul­phur spring.  If I am not great­ly mis­tak­en it is pre­cise­ly the same as the cel­e­brat­ed white sul­phur of Vir­ginia.  Pro­fes­sor Rogers is under some oblig­a­tions and I will cause him to have the water [?]_____ (looks like armal­ized?)  His broth­er (pro­fes­sor in William and Mary Col­lege Vir­ginia) [?]______ the Vir­ginia springs last sea­son and has pub­lished a work on this subject.

[Right side of page]  I thank you for a num­ber of let­ters writ­ten imme­di­ate­ly before your depar­ture from the set­tle­ments.  Your sev­er­al favors of 4th 9th 16th 21st 26th April have been received the con­tents of which were par­tic­u­lar­ly accept­able.  As usu­al I will try to be punc­tu­al and it will go hard with me if you do not have quite as many to read on your return.  I only wish I could make my let­ters as amus­ing and enter­tain­ing to you as two of yours have been to me.

[Mid­dle] 4th July 1835

Mr. Robert Campbell
Care of Mr. Wm. L. Sublette
Saint Louis